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From the British Library, London

Part 1: Bengal, 1874-1903

Here we provide weekly precis, extracts and reports by local Bengali translators working for the colonial government, from over 170 different Indian newspapers for the period 1874-1903 (please see list under Digital Guide).

This material on Bengal comprises an excellent resource for studying social and political events, conditions of the local population, public opinion, criticisms of the government and the development of nationalist sentiments. The typewritten reports cover both Indian language newspapers and English language newspapers owned by the Indians. The material is organised chronologically and divided under various subject headings such as:

  • Foreign Politics.
  • Home Administration (including the police, the courts, the jails, education, local government, the land and the railways).
  • Legislature.
  • Native States.
  • Prospect of the Crops and Condition of the People.

There is an index for each volume which lists all the newspapers examined, the place of publication, whether they are weekly or monthly and also the dates of all the issues examined. In 1877 John Robinson is listed as the chief government Bengali translator; in 1880 Rajkrishma Mukhopadhyaya and in 1890 Chunder Nath Bose are active.

Key events such as the Delhi Coronation Surbar, the Calcutta Durbar and the foundation of the Indian National Congress, as well as the development of Congress politics, affairs in Kashmir and Afghanistan, assessments of Lord Curzon, municipal grievances and civilian disturbances, are all reported in detail.

Digital Guide
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