MASS OBSERVATION ARCHIVE
Papers from the Mass-Observation Archive at the University of Sussex
Part 5: Topic Collections on Welfare and Social Conditions, 1939-1949
Mass-Observation was a pioneering social research organisation whose papers provide insights into the cultural and social history of Britain from 1937 to 1965.
Its strength is that it describes everyday life in the words of ordinary people, with extensive interviews and records of overheard conversations, rather than through polls. The collection is also a wonderful source of contemporary ephemera.
Parts 4-12 cover the majority of the Topic Collections, which bring together the primary material collected by Mass-Observation's studies from 1937 onwards. By accessing this original data, scholars are able to form their own conclusions about the many topics which were investigated. Part 5 includes material on World War II and post-war reconstruction, including:
- Housing (with detailed descriptions of family homes in Stepney, accounts of the standard of living in places ranging from Porstmouth to Liverpool, Household accounts, and records of new town development);
- Work (these files principally relate to demobilisation and fears of post-war unemployment);
- Fuel (material on rationing, fuel use and fuel economy);
- Food (with much on war-time and post-war rationing, accounts of allotments, diet, cafes, and surveys regarding margarine, bread, milk, biscuits, fish fillets and other foodstuffs).