THE NIXON YEARS, 1969-1974
Complete FCO 7 and FCO 82 files from The National Archives, Kew
Further information on this digital resource can be found on our website www.amdigital.co.uk.
Top level Anglo-American discussions and briefing papers dominate this project. There is also a wealth of material on social conditions, domestic reforms, trade, culture and the environment.
These files allow scholars and researchers the opportunity to assess, from a British, European and Commonwealth perspective, Nixon’s handling of numerous Cold War crises, his administration’s notable achievements, as well as his increasingly controversial activities and unorthodox use of executive powers culminating in Watergate and impeachment.
Many files focus on foreign policy issues:
- the Vietnam War and Paris Peace Talks
- China - Nixon's 1972 visit ended 25 years of isolation between the US and the People's Republic of China and resulted in the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 1979
- the Middle East – massive aid for Israel, reorientation of US policy, developing relations with moderate Arab regimes culminating in Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s expulsion of Soviet advisors in 1972 and Nixon’s Middle East tour of 1974
- the regularization of relations with the Soviet Union, including Annual Summits
- Anti-Ballistic Missile and Strategic Arms Limitation Treaties
- the return of Okinawa to Japanese sovereignty
- relations with specific countries in Latin America
There is also significant coverage of Nixon’s domestic policy initiatives such as:
- the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency
- the extension of the Voting Rights Act and liberal action on Civil Rights
- the reorientation of the Federal Native American policy
- the war on cancer
- New Federalism - aid for small businesses and welfare reform